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MOCK EXAM 12

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MOCK EXAMMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined the word whose underlined part differs from the other in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 1. achieve stop draw plan Question 2. A. gr ea B. ea C. ea cher D. ea nsMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.Question 3. machine B. scenic cancel offerQuestion 4. A. familiar B. redundant C. customary D. reluctantMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.Question 5. After from college, started to work as teacher of English in this school.A. had graduated B. have graduated C. Graduate D. graduatedQuestion 6. The student took that course ___________ he could improve his English. in order to though so that unless Question ____________, she went back to her room.A There was no cause for alarm Without having cause for alarmC There being no cause for alarm Being no cause for alarmQuestion _________to new office with salary half as much did he appreciate his former boss’s generosity.A He had been transferred Having been transferredC Not until transferred Only when he transferredQuestion The press put the _________ on the police forces who were unable to cope with the crowd of savagehooligans. fault charge blame guiltQuestion 10 I_________ my best suit everyone else was very casually dressed.A needn’t wear mustn’t wear mustn’t have worn needn’t have wornQuestion 11. Hardly anyone knows about the incident, __________? do they don’t they doesn’t he does heQuestion 12. If she had known how awful this job was going to be, she _______________it. would accept wouldn't accept wouldn't have accepted would have accepted Question 13: The atmosphere at the meeting was very_________ and everyone was on first name terms formal informal formality informality Question 14. They live in very _________populated area of Italy.A barely scarcely hardly sparselyQuestion 15. As it was getting late, the boys decided to _______ the campfire and crept into their sleeping bags. A. put up B. put off put out put on Question 16. My elder brother is extremely fond of astronomy, he seems to ____ lot of pleasure from observing the stars. derive possess sieve searchMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 17 In most countries, compulsory military service does not apply to women.A. superior B. mandatory C. beneficial D. constructiveQuestion 18 Scientists warn of the impending extinction of many species of plants and animals.A. inevitable B. imminent C. controversial D. absoluteMark the letter A, B, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word (s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word (s) in each of the following questions. Question 19 According to the boss, John is the most suitable for the position of executive secretary. supportive uncaring uncomfortable D. inappropriate Question 20. Some high school students take part in helping the disadvantaged children. deprived beneficial comfortable satisfied Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of thefollowing exchanges.Question 21 “If only hadn’t lent him all my money!” -“_____________” A. Well, you did, so it’s no use crying over spilt milk. B. All right. You will be OK. C. Sorry, have no idea. D. I’m afraid you will have to do it.Question 22. Tom: “Do you want me to give you hand with the washing?” Maria: “________.”A No, thanks. You can say that again No, thanks. can manage it myselfC. Of course, not for me Thanks. Your hands are so warm.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct wordor phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from to 27 .Tim Samaras is storm chaser. His job is to find tornadoes and follow them. When he gets close to atornado, he puts special tool (2 ______ turtle probe on the ground. This tool measures things like twister’stemperature. Humidity, and wind speed. With this information, Samaras can learn what causes tornadoes todevelop. If meteorilogists understand this, they can warn people 24 _____ twisters sooner and save lives.How does Samaras hunt tornadoes? It’s not easy. First, he has to find one. Tornadoes are too small to seeusing weather satellites. So Samaras can’t rely on these tools to find twister. 25 ______, he waits for tornadoesto develop.Once Samaras sees tornado, the chase begins. But tornado is hard to follow. Some tornadoes change( 26 _____ several times for example, moving east and then west and then east again. When Samaras finally getsnear tornado, her puts the turtle probe on the ground. Being this close to twister is 27 ______. He must getaway quickly.Question called known made meantQuestion 24 with about at forQuestion 25 Rather Still Instead YetQuestion 26 progression movement dimension directionQuestion 27 terrify terrifying C. terrified terrifiesRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answerto each of the following questions.A survey is study, generally in the form of an interview or questionnaire, which provides informationconcerning how people think and act. In the United States, the best-known surveys are the Gallup poll and theHarris poll. As anyone who watches the news during presidential campaigns knows, these polls have become animportant part of political life in the United States.North Americans are familiar with the many "person on the street" interviews on local television newsshows. While such interviews can be highly entertaining, they are not necessarily an accurate indication of publicopinion. First, they reflect the opinions of only those people who appear at certain location. Thus, such samplescan be biased in favor of commuters, middle-class shoppers, or factory workers, depending on which area the newpeople select. Second, television interviews tend to attract outgoing people who are willing to appear on the air,while they frighten away others who may feel intimidated by camera. survey must be based on precise,representative sampling if it is to genuinely reflect broad range of the population.In preparing to conduct survey, sociologists must exercise great care in the wording of questions. Aneffective survey question must be simple and clear enough for people to understand it. It must also be specificenough so that there are no problems in interpreting the results. Even questions that are less structured must becarefully phrased in order to elicit the type of information desired. Surveys can be indispensable sources ofinformation, but only if the sampling is done properly and the questions are worded accurately.There are two main forms of surveys: the interview and the questionnaire. Each of these forms of surveyresearch has its advantages. An interviewer can obtain high response rate because people find it more difficult toturn down personal request for an interview than to throw away written questionnaire. In addition, aninterviewer can go beyond written questions and probe for subject's underlying feelings and reasons. However,questionnaires have the advantage of being cheaper and more consistent.Question 28. What does the passage mainly discuss?A. The principles of conducting surveys B. The importance of polls in American political lifeC. Problems associated with interpreting surveysD. The history of surveys in North AmericaQuestion 29. According to the passage, the main disadvantage of person-on-the-street interviews is that they______.A. are not based on representative sampling B. reflect political opinionsC. are not carefully worded D. are used only on televisionQuestion 30. The word " precise " is closest in meaning to______.A. accurate B. rational C. required D. plannedQuestion 31. According to the reading passage, there are ____ main categories of surveys.A. four B. five C. two D. threeQuestion 32. Which word is given definition in the text?A. sampling B. poll C. survey D. interviewQuestion 33. The word " they " refers to ______.A. interviews B. opinions C. news shows D. North AmericansQuestion 34. The word " indispensable " is closest in meaning to______.A. simple B. complicated C. expensive D. necessaryQuestion 35. It can be inferred from the passage that one reason that sociologists may become frustrated with questionnaires is that______.A. respondents often do not complete and return questionnairesB. questionnaires are expensive and difficult to distributeC. respondents are too eager to supplement questions with their own opinionsD. questionnaires are often difficult to readRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.Global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel burning jumped by the largest amount on record in 2010.Emissions rose 5.9 percent in 2010, according to an analysis released on Sunday by the Global Carbon Project.Scientists said the increase was almost certainly the largest absolute jump in any year since the IndustrialRevolution. The increase solidified trend of ever-rising emissions that will make it difficult, if not impossible, tostop severe climate change in coming decades.The burning of coal represented more than half of the growth in emissions, the analysis found. In the UnitedStates, emissions dropped by remarkable percent in the year of 2009, but rose by over percent in 2010, thenew analysis shows.“Each year, emissions go up, and there’s another year of negotiations, another year of indecision,” said GlenP. Peters, researcher at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research. “There’s no evidencethat this path we’ve been following in the last 10 years is going to change.”Scientists say the rapid growth of emissions is warming the Earth and putting human welfare at long-termrisk. But their increasingly urgent pleas that society find way to limit emissions have met sharp politicalresistance in many countries because doing so would involve higher energy costs.The new figures show continuation of trend in which developing countries have surpassed the wealthycountries in their overall greenhouse emissions. In 2010, the burning of fossil fuels and the production of cementsent more than nine billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere, the new analysis found, with 57 percent of thatcoming from developing countries.On the surface the figures of recent years suggest that wealthy countries have made headway in stabilizingtheir emissions. But Dr. Peters pointed out that, in sense, the rich countries have simply exported some of them.The fast rise in developing countries has been caused to large extent by the growth of energy-intensivemanufacturing industries that make goods that rich countries import. “All that has changed is the location in whichthe emissions are being produced,” Dr. Peters said.Many countries, as part of their response to the economic crisis, invested billions in programs designed tomake their energy systems greener. While it is possible, the new numbers suggest they have had little effect so far.Question 36: Many governments in the world resist limiting emissions because _____.A. it is not the best way to solve such problems B. they don’t realize the risks of carbon emissionsC. it would probably harm human welfare in the long run D. they are unwilling to accept higher energy costsQuestion 37: According to the passage, the report found that the combustion of coal accounts for _____ of the increase in emissions.A. more than half B. one-third C. only about percent D. over percentQuestion 38: According to Glen P. Peters, we can learn that _____.A. the rapid growth of emissions contributes to potential risks for humansB. rich countries actually take more responsibility for the growth of emissionsC. human beings will follow the same path of negotiations in the next 10 yearsD. some countries negotiate together yearly whether to reduce the amounts of emissionsQuestion 39: The word urgent in the passage is closest in meaning to ______.A. needful B. pressing C. related D. unsolvedQuestion 40: Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?A. Emissions in the United States dropped by about percent in 2010.B. Developing countries will produce less emissions with economic development.C. There is long way to go for many countries to limit the fast growth of emissions.D. Over 50 percent of the growth in emissions resulted from the burning of fossil fuels.Question 41: The phrase On the surface in the seventh paragraph means most nearly the same as __.A. Not thought about deeply or thoroughly B. Just the tip of the icebergC. Judging from what can be seen D. To all intents and purposesQuestion 42: What is the main idea of this passage?A. an analysis released by the Global Carbon Project B. the record jump in carbon dioxide emissionsC. the possible climate change in future decades D. the main harm of greenhouse gasesMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Question 43: Many people found it is moving to see nine-year-old Japanese boy desperately searching Cfor his family lost in the earthquake and tsunami of March 11,2011. DQuestion 44: One of the greatest factors hindering efficient farming and agricultural development since Cthe war have been the lack of information.DQuestion 45: Our town has real problem with young crime, neither do many other British towns DMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each ofthe following questions.Question 46. It was you and only you who stole the cake from the fridge,” my mother told my sister.A. My mother criticized my sister for having stolen the cake from the bridge.B. My mother blamed my sister for having stolen the cake from the bridge.C. My mother accused my sister for having stolen the cake from the bridge.D. My mother accused my sister of having stolen the cake from the bridge.Question 47: It is unlikely that results of the elections will be made public before tomorrow morning.A. Before tomorrow morning we will probably know the result of the elections.B. Tomorrow morning is probably the earliest that anyone will know the result of the selection.C. The results of the elections will most likely be made known before tomorrow morning.D. We will probably not be told the results of the elections tomorrow morning.Question 48. You may be very intelligent, but you should be careful about this.A. Though intelligent you may be, you should be careful about this.B. No matter whatever intelligent you may be, you should be careful about this.C. No matter why intelligent you may be, you should be careful about this.D. Although you may be intelligent, you should be careful about thisMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.Question 49 The human brain is ten times the size of baboon’s. It weighs about 1,400 grams. A. The size of human brain is ten times that of baboon’s which is about 1,400 grams weigh. B. The human brain, which weighs about 1,400 grams, is ten times the size of baboon’s. C. The size of baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten times that of the human one. D. The weight of baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten-fold than that of the human one.Question 50 Some economists argue that new technology cause unemployment. Others feel that it allows more jobs to be created.A Some economists argue that new technology causes unemployment, so others feel that it allows more jobs to be created.B. Arguing that new technology causes unemployment, other economists feel that it allows more jobs to be created.C Besides the argument that new technology causes unemployment, some economists feel that it allows more jobs to be created. Some economists argue that new technology causes unemployment whereas others feel that it allowsmore jobs to be created. THE END