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GD&ĐT VINH PHUCƠTR NG THPT LI NƯƠ ÊS NƠ(Đ thi m: 0ề trang) KTCL ÔN THI THPT QU GIA NĂM 201Ề -201 9Môn: TI NG ANH 017Th gian làm bài: 60 phút, không th gian phátờ ờđềH va tên thi sinh:o ……………………………………………………………………. SBD: …………………………Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct answer to each of the questions from to Life originated in the early seas less than billion years after the Earth was formed. Yetanother three billion years were to pass before the first plants and animals appeared on thecontinents. Life’s transition from the sea to the land was perhaps as much of an evolutionarychallenge as was the genesis of life.What forms of life were able to make such drastic change in lifestyle? The traditional viewof the first terrestrial organisms is based on mega fossils-relatively large specimens of essentiallywhole plants and animals. Vascular plants, related to modern seed plants and ferns, left the firstcomprehensive mega fossil record. Because of this, it has been commonly assumed that thesequence of terrestrialization reflected the evolution of modern terrestrial ecosystems. In this view,primitive vascular plants first colonized the margins of continental waters, followed by animals thatfeed on the plants, and lastly by animals that preyed on the plant-eaters. Moreover, the mega fossilssuggest that terrestrial life appeared and diversified explosively near the boundary between theSilurian and the Devonian periods, little more than 400 million years ago.Recently, however, paleontologists have been taking closer look at the sediments below thisSilurian-Devonian geological boundary. It turns out that some fossils can be extracted from thesesediments by putting the rocks in an acid bath. The technique has uncovered new evidence formsediments that were deposited near the shores of the ancient oceans- plant microfossils andmicroscopic pieces of small animals. In many instances the specimens are less than one-tenth of amillimeter in diameter. Although they were entombed in the rocks for hundreds of millions of years,many of them fossils consist of the organic remains of the organism.These newly discovered fossils have not only revealed the existence of previously unknownorganisms, but have also pushed back these dates for the invasion of land by multicellularorganisms. Our views about the nature of the early plant and animal communities are now beingrevised. And with those revisions come new speculations about the first terrestrial life-formsQuestion 1: In what order did the organisms first appear on earth?A. vascular plants, plant-eating animals, carnivores C. mega fossils, prey hunters, plant-eatersB. carnivores, plant-eaters, megafossils D. seed plants, ferns, megafossilsQuestion 2: What can be inferred from the passage about the fossils mentioned in the thirdparagraph?A. They have not been helpful in understanding the evolution of terrestrial life.B. They were found in approximately the same numbers as vascular plant fossils.C. They are older than the mega fossils.D. They consist of modern life-forms.Question 3: According to the theory that the author calls the traditional view what was the firstform of life to appear on land?A. Bacteria B. Meat-eating animalsC. Plant-eating animals D. Vascular plantsQuestion 4: What is the following paragraph likely to discuss?A. the existence of previously unknown organismsB. the revision of human views on the nature of early plant and animal communitiesC. comparison and contrast between the first terrestrial life forms and newly discoveredfossilsD. what the first terrestrial life forms might have beenQuestion 5: The word entombed is closest in meaning to ___ ______.A. crushed B. trapped C. produced D. excavatedQuestion 6: Which of the following resulted from the discovery of microscopic fossils?A. Which of the following resulted from the discovery of microscopic fossils?© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5B. Old techniques for analyzing fossils were found to have new usesC. The origins of primitive sea life were explained.D. Assumptions about the locations of ancient seas were changed.Question 7: With which of the following conclusions would the author probably agree?A. The evolution of terrestrial life was as complicated as the origin of life itself.B. The discovery of microfossils supports the traditional view of how terrestrial life evolved.C. New species have appeared at the same rate over the course of the last 400 million years.D. The technology used by paleontologists is too primitive to make accurate determinationsabout ages of fossils.Question 8: According to the passage, what happened about 400 million years ago?A. Many terrestrial life-forms died outB. New life-forms on land developed at rapid rateC. The mega fossils were destroyed by floods.D. Life began to develop in the ancient seas.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined partdiffers from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 09 A. wound ed B. combin ed C. consider ed D. believ edQuestion 10 A. re earch B. re ent C. re emble D. re istMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from theother three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 1: A. describe B. descent C. design D. descantQuestion 2: A. disappear B. recommend C. understand D. volunteerMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needscorrection in each of the following questions Question Mrs Phuong, along with her students from Ha Noi, are planning to take part in charityin remote areasA. along with B. from C. are D. remote areasQuestion 14 Thai Nguyen High School is place in that used to study when was child .A. in that B. to study C. when D. child Question 15 Helen Killer, who was both blind and deafness overcame her inabilities with the helpof her teacher, Ann SulivanA. who B. blind C. deafness D. inabilitiesMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of thefollowing questions Question Gold___________ in California in the 19 century .A. has been discovered B. was discover C. they discovered D. was discoveredQuestion 17 She has read___________ interesting book.A. B. an C. the D. no articleQuestion 18 Jupiter is___________ planet in the solar system.A. the biggest B. the big C. the bigger D. biggestQuestion 19 Tommy wanted to know___________.A. why his friends laughing B. why did his friends laughC. the reason why his friends laughingD. why his friends were laughingQuestion 20 He was believed___________ years ago.A. to have gone back hometown B. to go back hometownC. to be go back hometown D. to have been gone back hometownQuestion 21 Education in England puts___________ force for children from to 16 years old.A. into B. on C. off D. through Question 22 am___________ at paying my bills on time.A. hopeful B. hopeless C. hope D. hopingQuestion 23 Students who study far from home often have problems with___________.© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5A. houses B. rooms C. flats D. accommodationQuestion 24 In his latest speech, the Secretary General___________ the importance of wildlifeconservation.A. stressed B. excused C. extorted D. remainedQuestion 25 Some days of rest may help to___________ the pressure of work.A. reduce B. lower C. chop D. creaseQuestion 26 Murder is serious crime and one rarely___________ with it.A. get away B. go away C. turn away D. come awayQuestion 27 She used to be very thin but she has___________ bit now.A. filled in B. finished off C. filled out D. fired awayMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response tocomplete each of the following exchanges Question 28 Mrs Quyen “Word hard! Otherwise, you may fail the exam” Anna “________________”A. Ok, will B. think you have to C. can’t fail it D. seeQuestion Teddy “I’m very sorry for letting you wait for so long” Maria “_______________”A. Don’t apologize. I’ve just arrived here. B. You’re welcomeC. It doesn’t matter. Thank you D. My pleasure. Don’t worry about itMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning tothe underlined word in each of the following questions Question 30 The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List is comprehensivecatalogue of the conservation status of species.A. complete B. rational C. understandable D. valuableQuestion 1: During their five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects.A. going off B. going over C. going by D. going aheadMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaningto the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 32 Your experience with oil well fires will be invaluable to the company in case of troubleA. precious B. priceless C. important D. worthlessQuestion 33 thrifty buyer chases fruits and vegetables in season.A. professional B. economical C. careful D. extravagantMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest inmeaning to each of the following questions Question 34 Were it not for the money, this job wouldn’t be worthwhile .A. This job offers poor salary.B. This job is rewarding at all.C. The only thing that makes this job worthwhile is the money.D. Although the salary is poor, the job is worthwhile.Question 35 John was not here yesterday. Perhaps he was ill .A. John needn’t be here yesterday because he was ill.B. Because of his illness, John shouldn’t have been here yesterday.C. John might have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.D. John must have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.Question If were you, would go to the doctor .” David said to Claudia.A. David advised Claudia not to go to the doctor.B. David told Claudia that he would go to see the doctor.C. David advised Claudia to go to the doctor.D. David told Claudia to become doctor.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combineseach pair of sentences in the following questions Question 37 He did not work hard. He failed the exam .A. Unless he had worked hard, he would have failed the exam.B. Even though he failed the exam, he didn’t work hard.© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5C. If he had worked hard he would have passed the exam.D. However hard he worked, he failed the exam.Question 38 She doesn’t want to go to their party. We don't want to go either .A. Neither she nor we don’t want to go to their party.B. Neither we nor she wants to go to their party.C. Either we or she doesn't want to go to their party.D. Neither we nor she want to go to their party.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 39 to 43 When you read something in foreign language, you frequently come across words you donot fully understand. Sometimes you 39 )________ the meaning in dictionary and sometimes youguess. The strategy you adopt depends very much upon the degree of accuracy you require and thetime at your disposal.If you are the sort of person who tends to turn to the dictionary frequently, it is 40 )________remembering that every dictionary has its limitations. Each definition is only an approximation andone builds up an accurate picture of the meaning of word only after meeting it in 41 )________ ofcontexts. It is also important to recognize the special dangers of dictionaries that translate fromEnglish into your native language and vice versa. If you must use dictionary, it is usually far saferto consult an English-English dictionary.In most exams you are not permitted to use dictionary. (4 )________ you are allowed to useone, it is very time-consuming to look up words, and time in exams is usually limited. You are,therefore, forced to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words. When you come across unknown wordsin an exam text, it is very easy to panic. However, if you develop efficient techniques for guessing themeaning, you will overcome number of possible problems and help yourself to understand farmore of the text than you at first thought likely.Two strategies which may help you guess the meaning of word are: using contextual clues,both within the sentence and outside, and making use of clues 43 )________ from the formation of thewordQuestion 39 A. control B. inspect C. check D. examineQuestion 40 A. valuable B. worth C. essential D. vitalQuestion 41 A. variation B. multiple C. diversity D. varietyQuestion A. Even if B. Provided C. Although D. In caseQuestion 43 A. originated B. extracted C. derived D. comingRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50 Animals have an intuitive awareness of quantities. They know without analysis the differencebetween number of objects and smaller number. In his book The natural History of Selboure ”(1786 the naturalist Gilbert White tells how he surreptitiously removed one egg day from aplover nest and how the mother laid another egg each day to make up for the missing one He‟noted that other species of birds ignore the absence of single egg but abandon their nests if morethan one egg has been removed. It has also been noted by naturalists that certain type of waspalways provides five never four, never six caterpillars for each of their eggs so that their younghave something to eat when the eggs hatch Research has also shown that both mice and pigeonscan be taught to distinguish between odd and even numbers of food pieces.These and similar accounts have led some people to infer that creatures other than humanscan actually count. They also point to dogs that have been taught to respond to numerical questionswith the correct number of barks, or to horses that seem to solve arithmetic problems by stompingtheir hooves the proper number of times.Animals respond to quantities only when they are connected to survival as species as inthe case of the eggs or survival as individuals as in the case of food. There is no transfer to othersituations or from concrete reality to the abstract notion of numbers. Animals can “count” onlywhen the objects are present and only when the numbers involved are small not more than sevenor eight. In lab experiments, animals trained to “count” one kind of object were unable to count anyother type. The objects, not the numbers, are what interest them. Animals admittedly remarkable© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5achievements simply do not amount to evidence of counting, nor do they reveal more than innateinstincts, refined by the genes of successive generations, or the results of clever, careful conditioningby trainersQuestion 44 What is the main idea of this passage?A. Although animals may be aware of quantities, they cannot actually count.B. Of all animals, dogs and horses can count best.C. Careful training is required to teach animals to perform tricks involving numbersD. Animals cannot “count” more than one kind of object.Question 45 Why does the author refer to Gilbert White book in line 2?‟A. To indicate that more research is needed in this fieldB. To show how attitudes have changed since1786.C. To provide evidence that some birds are aware of quantities.D. To contradict the idea that animals can count.Question 46 The word surreptitiously is closest in meaning to __________.A. quickly B. occasionally C. stubbornly D. secretlyQuestion The word odd refers to which of the following?A. numbers such as 1, 3, and so on B. lucky numbersC. numbers such as 2, 4, and so on D. unusual numbersQuestion 48 The author mentions that all of the following are aware of quantities in some waysEXCEPT __________.A. wasps B. Plovers C. caterpillars D. miceQuestion 49 The word accounts is closest in meaning to __________.A. reasons B. reports C. deceptions D. invoicesQuestion 50 How would the author probably characterize the people who are mentioned in the firstline of the second paragraphA. As foolish B. As demanding C. As clever D. As mistaken_________THE END_________© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang