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Đề thi thử THPT QG Năm 2019 môn Tiếng anh mã đề 106

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GIÁO VÀ ĐÀO NINHỞ ẮPHÒNG KH THÍ VÀ KI NH HU THI THPT QU GIA NĂM 2017 ỐMÔN: TI NG ANHẾTh gian làm bài: 60 phút (không th gian phát )ờ ề(50 câu tr nghi m)ắ ệ=============Mã thi: 106ềH tên thí sinh:..................................................................... SBD: ...........................................ọRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctanswer to each of the following questions from to 7.Alzheimer's disease impairs person's ability to recall memories, both distant and as recent as few hoursbefore. Although there is not yet cure for the illness, there may be hope for cure with protein called nerve growth factor.The protein is produced by nerve cells in the same region of the brain where Alzheimer's occurs. Based on this relationship, scientists from the University of Lund in Sweden and the University of California at SanDiego designed an experiment to test whether doses of nerve growth factor could reverse the effects of memory losscaused by Alzheimer's. Using group of rats with impaired memory, the scientists gave half of the rats doses of nervegrowth factor while giving the other half blood protein as placebo, thus creating control group. At the end of the four-week test, the rats given the nerve growth factor performed equally to rats with normal memory abilities. While theexperiments do not show that nerve growth factor can stop the general process of deterioration caused by Alzheimer's,they do show potential as means to slowing the process significantly.Question 1: With what topic is this passage mainly concerned?A. impaired memory of patientsB. nerve growth factor as cure for Alzheimer'sC. the use of rats as experimental subjectsD. cures for Alzheimer's diseaseQuestion 2: The word " impairs " in line is most similar to which of the following?A. affects B. enhancesC. diminishes D. destroysQuestion 3: According to the passage, where is nerve growth factor produced in the body?A. in red blood cells in the circulatory systemB. in nerve cells in the spinal columnC. in the pituitary glandD. in nerve cells in the brainQuestion 4: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?A. Alzheimer's disease is deadly.B. More work needs to be done to understand the effects of nerve growth factor.C. The experiments did not show any significant benefits from nerve growth factor.D. Though unsuccessful, the experiments did show some benefits derived from nerve growth factor.Question 5: The passage most closely resembles which of the following patterns of organization?A. statement and illustration B. chronological orderC. cause and effect D. alphabetical orderQuestion 6: Which of the following could best replace the word " potential " in bold in paragraph 2?A. creativity B. capabilityC. possibility D. dependabilityQuestion 7: The relationship between nerve growth factor and protein is similar to the relationship betweenAlzheimer's and _______.A. forgetfulness B. disease C. cure D. cancerRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctanswer to each of the following questions from to 15.Aspirin's origins go back at least as early as 1758. In that year, Englishman Edward Stone noticed distinctive bitterflavor in the bark of the willow tree. To Stone, this particular bark seemed to have much in common with "Peruvian Bark",which had been used medicinally since the 1640s to bring down fevers and to treat malaria. Stone decided to test theeffectiveness of the willow bark. He obtained some, pulverized it into tiny pieces, and conducted experiments on its Trang Mã thi 106ềproperties. His tests demonstrated that this pulverized willow bark was effective both in reducing high temperatures and inrelieving aches and pains. In 1763, Stone presented his findings to the British Royal Society.Several decades later, further studies on the medicinal value of the willow bark were being conducted by two Italianscientists. These chemists, Brugnatelli and Fontana, determined that the active chemical that was responsible for themedicinal characteristics in the willow bark was the chemical salicin, which is the active ingredient of today's aspirin.The name "aspirin" is the trade name of the drug based on the chemical salicin, properly known as acetylsalicylic acid.The trade name "aspirin" was invented for the drug in the 1890s by the Bayer Drug Company in Germany. The first bottlesof aspirin actually went on sale to the public just prior to the turn of the century, in 1899 .Question 8: The Italian chemists mentioned in the passage most probably conducted their studies on willow barkA. in the 1760s B. in the 1770s C. in the 1780s D. in the 1750sQuestion 9: The word " properties " in the first paragraph could best be replaced byA. body B. ownership C. materials D. characteristicsQuestion 10: The pronoun " it " in the first paragraph refers toA. malaria B. the British Royal SocietyC. willow bark D. effectivenessQuestion 11: It can be inferred from the passage that Peruvian BarkA. was in use prior to aspirin.B. was described to the British Royal Society by Stone.C. was ineffective in treating malaria.D. caused feversQuestion 12: The expression " prior to " in the last sentence could best be replaced byA. at B. after C. during D. beforeQuestion 13: What is TRUE about Brugnatelli and Fontana?A. They were from Italy.B. They conducted studies on the willow bark.C. They added chemical to the willow bark.D. They were medical doctors.Question 14: What did the willow bark look like after Stone prepared it for his experiments?A. It was in strips of bark. B. It was thick liquid.C. It was rough powder. D. It was in large chunks.Question 15: According to the passage, aspirin originatedA. definitely sometime in 1758. B. no later than 1758.C. no earlier than 1758. D. sometime after 1758.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE inmeaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions from 16 to 17.Question 16: His short but pointed speech was applauded by all sections of the audience. A. welcomed B. misunderstood C. praised D. disapprovedQuestion 17: The teacher implied that we'd have pop quiz on Friday, but we won't know for certain until we getto class.A. suggested B. questionedC. explained exactly D. asserted indirectlyMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST inmeaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions from 18 to 19.Question 18: When you cross the street, be careful and be on the alert for the bus.A. search for B. watch for C. look for D. watch out forQuestion 19: Since the research studies have shown relationship between cancer and cigarette smoking manypeople have cutdown .A. become frightened B. gotten sickC. decreased the number of cigarettes D. ceased smokingMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three inthe position of the primary stress in each of the following questions from 20 to 21.Question 20: A. social B. noisy C. party D. politeQuestion 21: A. family B. solution C. whenever D. obedientMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair ofsentences in the following questions from 22 to 23. Trang Mã thi 106ềQuestion 22: Anne and Alex are very graceful dancers. Also, they have years of experience dancing together.A. Not only are Anne and Alex very graceful dancers but they also have years of experience dancing together as well.B. Not only are Anne and Alex very graceful dancers but they also have years of experience dancing together.C. Not only Anne and Alex are very graceful dancers and they also have years of experience dancing together.D. Not only Anne and Alex are very graceful dancers but they also have years of experience dancing together.Question 23: How lucky! You called me, because tried to call you few minutes ago and got busy signal.A. You luckily called me, so didn’t have to call you for few minutes because the signal was busy.B. was not lucky enough to call you few minutes ago because was busy.C. Luckily, you called me in time, for failed to call you few minutes ago.D. The busy signal prevented me from calling you few minutes ago, so please call me back.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to each of thefollowing exchanges from 24 to 25.Question 24: Mary: Would you like to have get-together with us next weekend? Mickey: _________.A. Yes, I’d love to B. No, won’t C. No, wouldn’t D. Yes, let’sQuestion 25: Mary: Thank you for taking the time to come here in person. Mickey: _______.A. It’s my pleasure.B. Do you have time for some gossip?C. I’d love to come. What time?D. don’t know what time that person comes.Read the following passage and then choose the most suitable word or phrase for each space from 26 to 30. Health experts suggest that (26) _____ healthy and happy, it’s important to keep our lives in balance.Chinese philosophy, which has spanned thousands of years, uses the principles of yin and yang to explain theimportance of balance in life. Explained simply, the Yang represents the active elements of the universe, whereasthe Yin represents the passive ones. This expresses the importance of balance in (27) _____ of living. Today healthexperts agree that it’s important to have balanced life. For example, they’ve said it’s necessary to have balancebetween work and rest and to have balanced exercise program. (28) _____, I’m sure you’d agree that in our busyworld, it’s not always easy to get and keep balance in our lives. Due to business or study deadlines, many people work to excess, leaving little time at the end of their busyday to spend with family and friends. They eat fast-food and don’t get enough rest or recreation and then sufferbadly from the effects of stress. It’s sad that this situation often happens when people believe that access to (29)_____ is the answer to happiness instead of understanding the importance of balanced living. While ambition can be good thing, having too much ambition can cause person to become “out ofbalance”. Of course, it’s also unbalanced to spend too much time on entertainment and pleasure activities, with littleor no time (30) _____ to work or education. Balance means allocating enough time for all the important aspects oflife, such as spending time with family and friends, working or studying, as well as resting and relaxing.Question 26: A. to stay B. to protect C. to look D. to preserveQuestion 27: A. all aspects B. all areas C. all angles D. every fieldQuestion 28: A. Simultaneously B. On the contrary C. Consequently D. HoweverQuestion 29: A. wealth B. rich C. properties D. have moneyQuestion 30: A. used B. spent C. allocated D. givingMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the followingquestions from 31 to 42.Question 31: They _______ for hours when the storm suddenly broke.A. had been running B. will be runningC. have been running D. are runningQuestion 32: Over ____ past few decades, _____ schools in the USA have been testing various arrangements.A. the B. C. the D. the ØQuestion 33: The larger the city, _________ the crime rate.A. the highest B. highest C. higher D. the higherQuestion 34: He asked me _________ .A. How long had you studied English B. How long you had study EnglishC. How long you have studied English D. How long you had studied EnglishQuestion 35: They _______ time and money doing such thing. Trang Mã thi 106ềA. were advised not to waste B. were advising not to wasteC. were advising not to be wasted D. were advised not to be wastedQuestion 36: John: Where is Jimmy? Mary: He is ____ work. He is busy ____ his monthly report.A. on for B. at with C. in about D. to throughQuestion 37: The control of _______ has been carried out through measures rooted in monetarism.A. inflator B. inflation C. inflate D. inflationistQuestion 38: Most doctors and nurses have to work on _______ once or twice week at the hospital.A. solution B. night shift C. household chores D. special dishesQuestion 39: Some researchers have just _____ survey of young people's points of view on contractualmarriage.A. conducted B. sent C. directed D. managedQuestion 40: John: What are the _______ of that country? Mary: think it is some kinds of cheese and sauces.A. grains B. beverages C. drinks D. special dishesQuestion 41: When the tenants failed to pay their bill, the authorities decided to _____ the gas supply to the flat.A. cut up B. cut down C. cut out D. cut offQuestion 42: He fell ________ his best friend over girl they both liked.A. over B. out with C. down D. offMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in eachof the following questions from 43 to 45.Question 43: Mrs. Stevens, along with her cousins from New Mexico, are planning to attend the festivities. DQuestion 44: Most of the world's supply of dates comes from Iraq, that is rapidly becoming an Dimportant modern country.Question 45: Globally and internationally the 1990’s stood out as the warmest decade in the Chistory of weather records DMark the letter A, B, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to eachof the following questions from 46 to 48.Question 46: As soon as he waved his hand, she turned away.A. She turned away because he waved his hand too early.B. No sooner had he waved his hand than she turned away.C. He saw her turn away and he waved his hand.D. Although she turned away, he waved his hand.Question 47: had two job offers upon graduation, neither of which was appropriate for my qualifications.A. The two jobs offered to me after my graduation didn’t suit my qualifications.B. was offered two jobs soon after my graduation, both of which were suitable for my qualifications.C. Though wasn't qualified enough, two jobs were offered to me upon graduation.D. Both of the job offers had prior to my graduation were appropriate for my qualifications.Question 48: It’s difficult for me to understand what he implies.A. What he implies is not very difficult to understand.B. find it difficult to understand what he really means.C. To understand what he really means is difficult to find.D. Understanding what he implies is found difficult.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in thepronunciation of the underlined part in each of the following questions from 49 to 50.Question 49: A. approv ed B. determin ed C. marri ed D. express edQuestion 50: A. sh are B. decl are C. are D. are----------- THE END ---------- Trang Mã thi 106ề